Ambulatory Surgery - Surgery, sometimes called same-day or outpatient surgery, in which the person comes to the hospital or AMBULATORY SURGERY FACILITY the day of the surgery, has the OPERATION, and goes home without an overnight stay in the hospital. Often the operation uses MINIMALLY INVASIVE SURGERY procedures such as endoscopic methods (laparoscopy, arthroscopy), which greatly reduce the size of the incision and the amount of trauma the body experiences during operation. Minimally invasive surgery techniques allow a rapid course of recovery in the immediate postoperative period as well as over the longer term. Surgeons also can perform numerous OPEN SURGERY procedures on an ambulatory surgery basis. People tend to feel more comfortable recovering in their own homes and often require lower doses of PAIN medications during their recovery. As well, a shorter stay reduces the risk for NOSOCOMIAL INFECTIONS (infections acquired from exposure to BACTERIA in the hospital environment) and more quickly returns a person to regular activities.
Because each person’s rate of recovery is unique, some people more quickly return to CONSCIOUSNESS from sedation or general ANESTHESIA and to function from regional anesthesia to engage in basic activities such as drinking fluids and going to the bathroom. Underlying health conditions also influence how quickly a person is ready to leave after ambulatory surgery. Hospitals and ambulatory (outpatient) surgery facilities are equipped and staffed to handle medical emergencies that may arise and are prepared for a person to stay overnight in a hospital should circumstances warrant additional care or observation. The person returns to his or her surgeon for follow-up care such as wound check, suture removal, and dressing changes.
Resource: Facts On File Encyclopedia Of Health And Medicine
Ambulatory Surgery - Surgery, sometimes called same-day or outpatient surgery, in which the person comes to the hospital or AMBULATORY SURGERY FACILITY the day of the surgery, has the OPERATION, and goes home without an overnight stay in the hospital. Often the operation uses MINIMALLY INVASIVE SURGERY procedures such as endoscopic methods (laparoscopy,
Anesthesia - The intentional establishment of loss of PAIN sensation or of consciousness to make a surgical OPERATION possible. Anesthesia may be local, regional, or general, depending on the operation and on the individual’s health circumstances and preferences. Doctors sometimes use local and regional forms of anesthesia to treat severe or CHRONIC
Blood Autodonation is a practice in which a person donates his or her own BLOOD for potential self-use during a major OPERATION or health emergency such as major trauma. The hospital or blood bank stores the blood for specific and sole use by the person. The person may authorize the hospital or blood bank to release the blood for general use as components
Bloodless Surgery - Specialized techniques that allow surgeons to perform major operations to avoid the need for BLOOD TRANSFUSION. Many people oppose BLOOD transfusion on the basis of religious beliefs and others because they have concerns about the safety of donated blood. Though stringent screening and testing procedures for donated blood have minimized
Open Surgery - Any surgical OPERATION in which the surgeon makes an incision that allows direct access to the operative site. An open surgery incision may be quite large. Until the emergence of MINIMALLY INVASIVE SURGERY procedures in the 1980s open surgery was the standard of surgical treatment for nearly all operations. Surgeons today can perform many
Operation is a surgical procedure to enter the body and conduct a repair, remove a tumor, or in some other way alter a structure or organ. A surgical operation takes place under sterile conditions in a controlled environment, an operating room, used exclusively for surgery. Minor operations may take place in AMBULATORY SURGERY centers and specialized
Organ Transplantation is the surgical replacement of a nonfunctioning vital organ with a functional organ acquired from a donor. Most donor organs are allogeneic, also called deceased donation or cadaver donation, in which a specialized surgical team removes the donated organs after a person’s death when the person has previously authorized, or when
Wound Care - The care necessary, including cleansing and dressing changes, to keep surgical incisions, or wounds, healthy as they heal. Most surgical wounds heal quickly and without complication and require very little care beyond keeping them clean and dry for one to five days after surgery. Redness at the incision line is normal, though the surgeon should
Patient controlled analgesia (PCA) - The postoperative self-administration of intravenous (IV) PAIN relief (analgesic) medication. PCA requires an IV (a thin catheter inserted into a VEIN), a PCA pump that contains a special syringe with the pain medication, and a PCA control button. Each time the person depresses the PCA button the PCA pump releases a
What is Plastic Surgery Plastic Surgery - any surgical OPERATION to alter the appearance of a body area or part. Plastic surgery may be reconstructive (re-creates or repairs a body part that is damaged or missing) or cosmetic (changes physical appearance for reasons of personal preference). Though both disciplines encompass elective operations, the US