The Musculoskeletal System

The Musculoskeletal System: Latest News

Achilles Tendon - What is and Definition

The Musculoskeletal System |

What is Achilles Tendon and Definition Achilles Tendon - A thick, strong band of connective tissue at the back of the heel that joins the gastrocnemius and soleus muscles of the calf (back of the lower leg) to the calcaneus (heel BONE). The Achilles TENDON makes possible extension of the foot, a necessary element of walking, running, and jumping. A sharp tap to the Achilles tendon with a REFLEX mallet causes the foot to jerk downward; this is the

Achilles Tendon Injury - pain, rupture, treatment, repair and surgery

The Musculoskeletal System |

What is Achilles Tendon Injury Achilles tendon injury is Traumatic damage to the ACHILLES TENDON, the broad band of connective tissue that joins the calf muscles to the heel of the foot. The most common Achilles TENDON injury is INFLAMMATION, called Achilles TENDONITIS, tends to develop somewhat gradually as an overuse injury. A tear in the Achilles tendon, called a rupture, generally happens suddenly during an athletic activity or event. Extended

Achondroplasia - genetic disorder - dwarfism, symptoms and treatment

The Musculoskeletal System |

What is Achondroplasia and Dwarfism Achondroplasia is a genetic disorder in which the rate CARTILAGE cells (chondrocytes) convert to BONE cells is greatly slower than normal, resulting in skeletal abnormalities such as shortened limbs and diminished height. Achondroplasia is the most common cause of SKELETAL DYSPLASIA, commonly called dwarfism. Though achondroplasia can occur as an autosomal dominant inherited genetic disorder, it more commonly occurs as

Adhesive Capsulitis shoulder - symptoms, treatment and surgery

The Musculoskeletal System |

What is Adhesive Capsulitis Adhesive Capsulitis shoulder is a condition in which the JOINT capsule of the shoulder joint fuses (adheres) to the head of the humerus (long BONE of the upper arm), causing PAIN and constricting range of motion. Doctors do not know what causes adhesive capsulitis, commonly called frozen shoulder. The condition may be primary, in which there are no contributory conditions, or secondary, in which other conditions exist that may

Aging, musculoskeletal changes that occur with

The Musculoskeletal System |

The muscles, connective tissues, and SKELETON arise from the mesoderm in the EMBRYO at about two weeks of gestational age. The skeleton’s first form is as fibrous membranes (the bones of the cranium) or CARTILAGE. Through a process called ossification or osteogenesis, cartilage cells (chondrocytes) convert to BONE cells (osteoblasts, osteocytes, and osteoclasts). This early ossification uses the fibrous membrane (called intramembranous ossification)

Amputation procedure - surgery, rehabilitation, complications and risks

The Musculoskeletal System |

What is Amputation Surgery Amputation procedure - Removal or loss of a limb or body part. Amputation may be surgical, in which the removal is intentional to treat a disease condition, or traumatic, in which accidental injury results in the loss of the body part. Most amputations involve digits (fingers and toes) and limbs. In the United States, complications of DIABETES account for the majority of surgical amputations of the foot and lower leg; traumatic

Ankle Injuries - definition, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment and risks

The Musculoskeletal System |

What are Ankle Injuries Ankle Injuries are Sprains and fractures of the ankle resulting from accidental trauma. The ankle is vulnerable to twisting under the pressure of sudden, unexpected movement. Though ankle injuries are common ATHLETIC INJURIES, they also occur during routine activities such as stepping off a curb, walking on uneven surfaces, and walking in high heels. OBESITY AND HEALTH conditions that impair balance increase the risk for ankle

Ankylosing Spondylitis disease - symptoms and treatment

The Musculoskeletal System |

What is Ankylosing Spondylitis A form of chronic, degenerative arthritis (INFLAMMATION of the joints) that primarily affects the spine. The inflammation permanently damages the vertebrae (bones of the spine), causing outgrowths of bony tissue that fuse vertebrae to one another such that their mobility and range of motion can become extremely limited. Ankylosing spondylitis, sometimes called Marie-Strümpell disease, is one of the AUTOIMMUNE DISORDERS

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