Ambulatory Surgery - Surgery, sometimes called same-day or outpatient surgery, in which the person comes to the hospital or AMBULATORY SURGERY FACILITY the day of the surgery, has the OPERATION, and goes home without an overnight stay in the hospital. Often the operation uses MINIMALLY INVASIVE SURGERY procedures such as endoscopic methods (laparoscopy, arthroscopy), which greatly reduce the size of the incision and the amount of trauma the body
Anesthesia - The intentional establishment of loss of PAIN sensation or of consciousness to make a surgical OPERATION possible. Anesthesia may be local, regional, or general, depending on the operation and on the individual’s health circumstances and preferences. Doctors sometimes use local and regional forms of anesthesia to treat severe or CHRONIC PAIN not related to surgery. Anesthesia today is very effective as well as safe. There are several
Blood Autodonation is a practice in which a person donates his or her own BLOOD for potential self-use during a major OPERATION or health emergency such as major trauma. The hospital or blood bank stores the blood for specific and sole use by the person. The person may authorize the hospital or blood bank to release the blood for general use as components (such as ALBUMIN and PLASMA) if he or she does not require it, though guidelines vary according to
Langer’s lines - The natural linear pathways, also called cleavages, of the fasciae fibers (connective tissue layer beneath the SKIN that covers the muscles) throughout the body. Langer’s lines resemble a topographic map when overlaid on an outline of the human body. Each person has a unique configuration of Langer’s lines, though general patterns are common across individuals. Alignment with relevant Langer’s lines is one of
Minimally Invasive Surgery - Any OPERATION in which the surgeon uses an endoscope and specialized instruments to enter the body through small incisions, called ports. An endoscope is a lighted, flexible tube with a tiny camera at the tip that sends visual images of the operative site to a monitor similar to a television screen. The endoscope is specialized for the procedure, such as a laparoscope for operations within the abdominal cavity.
Open Surgery - Any surgical OPERATION in which the surgeon makes an incision that allows direct access to the operative site. An open surgery incision may be quite large. Until the emergence of MINIMALLY INVASIVE SURGERY procedures in the 1980s open surgery was the standard of surgical treatment for nearly all operations. Surgeons today can perform many operations with minimally invasive techniques, reserving open surgery for circumstances in which the
Operation is a surgical procedure to enter the body and conduct a repair, remove a tumor, or in some other way alter a structure or organ. A surgical operation takes place under sterile conditions in a controlled environment, an operating room, used exclusively for surgery. Minor operations may take place in AMBULATORY SURGERY centers and specialized surgical clinics; major operations take place in hospitals that have sophisticated facilities and
Organ Transplantation is the surgical replacement of a nonfunctioning vital organ with a functional organ acquired from a donor. Most donor organs are allogeneic, also called deceased donation or cadaver donation, in which a specialized surgical team removes the donated organs after a person’s death when the person has previously authorized, or when the person’s family authorizes at the time of the person’s death, organ donation. In some