Preventive Medicine

Preventive Medicine: Latest News

Cancer Prevention

Preventive Medicine |

CANCER claims more than 500,000 lives each year in the United States, and nearly nine million Americans are cancer survivors. Yet all cancers related to TOBACCO use and excessive ALCOHOL consumption are preventable, and cancer experts believe lifestyle changes could prevent a third or more of most other cancers. The first correlation between a controllable external factor and the development of cancer occurred more than a century ago with the observance

Community Sanitation

Preventive Medicine |

Community Sanitation - some of the most farreaching improvements in public health have arisen not from laboratory experiments or technological discoveries but rather from the mundane aspects of everyday life. Community health DRINKING WATER STANDARDS, sewage treatment and disposal, and garbage collection and disposal influence health and LIFE EXPECTANCY as much as any medical intervention. Ancient Rome provides the earliest archaeological evidence of the

Environmental Cigarette Smoke

Preventive Medicine |

Environmental Cigarette Smoke - people who do not smoke but who live or work among people who smoke in their presence are at risk for the same health conditions that affect smokers, including LUNG CANCER, CHRONIC OBSTRUCTIVE PULMONARY DISEASE (COPD), EMPHYSEMA, CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE (CVD), and chronic BRONCHITIS. Children who regularly breathe cigarette smoke from smokers in the home, also called secondhand smoke or passive smoking, have a much higher

Environmental Hazard Exposure

Preventive Medicine |

Environmental Hazard Exposure - numerous substances in the environment create risk for a variety of health problems and conditions. They include pesticides, herbicides, industrial pollutants, minerals and metals, molds and fungi, BACTERIA, viruses, radiation, sewage, garbage, biological waste, and electromagnetic fields. These substances may be naturally occurring or the consequence of human actions, such as manufacturing and agricultural processes. They

Ergonomics - definition

Preventive Medicine |

Ergonomics - the interactions between people and their physical environments can support or challenge health. The primary role of ergonomics in health is to prevent injuries, particularly musculoskeletal injuries that result from repetitive motions, by identifying interactions that present a risk for injury and implementing interventions to mitigate the risk. Ergonomic interventions may be as simple as rearranging the work area to put commonly used items

Fluoridation - definition, facts, water and teeth

Preventive Medicine |

Fluoridation - fluoride is a naturally occurring element that enhances a tooth’s ability to retain hardening minerals such as calcium. US federal regulations began requiring communities to add fluoride to their water supplies, when naturally occurring levels of fluoride fall below 0.7 parts per million (ppm), in 1945 as a means of reducing DENTAL CARIES (cavities). Fluoride offers the greatest protection when it is in the bloodstream as the TEETH

Food Safety

Preventive Medicine |

Food Safety - FOODBORNE ILLNESSES sicken 76 million Americans each year, 5,000 of whom die as a result. Public health efforts target food safety on a community as well as an individual level. At the public safety level, the US Department of Agriculture (USDA) and the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) oversee numerous programs that regulate food safety in the United States. These programs cover the gamut of food production and include pesticide and

Hand Washing - procedures and facts

Preventive Medicine |

Hand Washing - frequent hand washing with soap and warm water is one of the most effective means of preventing the spread of infectious diseases. Hand contact is a primary method of transmitting bacterial and viral infections. Hand washing kills or removes most pathogenic agents. To wash the hands: Turn on tap to dispense water that is warm but not too hot to hold the hands under its flow. Get hands wet. Apply soap, preferably liquid soap from a

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