Health Education - health experts consider instruction about health and disease to be a fundamental dimension of preventive medicine. Health education formalizes such instruction within structured settings such as schools, workshops, and classes. At its most basic level, health education the form of the fundamental instruction children receive in school about the functions of the human body. All states in the United States have governmentally mandated health education requirements, typically for kindergarten (K) through grade 8 or grades K through 12. Other health education curricula may target college-level students. Some health education programs focus on the needs of specific populations, such as childbirth education classes for pregnant women and their partners or DIABETES education classes for people who have diabetes. Businesses may offer health education programs for their employees and their families with the dual goals of improving personal health and reducing time lost to illness or injury.
See also LIFESTYLE AND HEALTH.
Resource: Facts On File Encyclopedia Of Health And Medicine
CANCER claims more than 500,000 lives each year in the United States, and nearly nine million Americans are cancer survivors. Yet all cancers related to TOBACCO use and excessive ALCOHOL consumption are preventable, and cancer experts believe lifestyle changes could prevent a third or more of most other cancers. The first correlation between a controllable
Community Sanitation - some of the most farreaching improvements in public health have arisen not from laboratory experiments or technological discoveries but rather from the mundane aspects of everyday life. Community health DRINKING WATER STANDARDS, sewage treatment and disposal, and garbage collection and disposal influence health and LIFE EXPECTANCY as
Food Safety - FOODBORNE ILLNESSES sicken 76 million Americans each year, 5,000 of whom die as a result. Public health efforts target food safety on a community as well as an individual level. At the public safety level, the US Department of Agriculture (USDA) and the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) oversee numerous programs that regulate food safety
Fluoridation - fluoride is a naturally occurring element that enhances a tooth’s ability to retain hardening minerals such as calcium. US federal regulations began requiring communities to add fluoride to their water supplies, when naturally occurring levels of fluoride fall below 0.7 parts per million (ppm), in 1945 as a means of reducing DENTAL
HIV / AIDS Prevention - researchers first detected the human immunodeficiency VIRUS (HIV) that causes acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) in the early 1980s. New HIV/AIDS infections peaked about a decade later and have since slowly but steadily declined to reach a point over the past decade of holding relatively steady in the United States at about
Hepatitis Prevention - although acute (sudden and limited) HEPATITIS infections are on the decline in the United States, chronic hepatitis infections (long-term) have reached epidemic proportions. Nearly a third of the US population has had hepatitis A INFECTION, an acute form of the disease that is sudden and limited. While the numbers of new cases are
Heavy-Metal Poisoning - toxicity due to metals such as lead, mercury, copper, and iron can have serious and even lethal health consequences, especially among children. Heavy metals occur naturally in the environment. They are present in soil and in plants that grow underground, and in water. Heavy metals are also the by-products of manufacturing processes.
Healthy People 2010 - a program of health initiatives that numerous US health agencies jointly sponsor, the goals of which are to improve overall public health in key areas called leading health indicators. The first Healthy People program, Healthy People 2000, evolved from the 1979 US surgeon general’s report of the same name. It established criteria
Health Risk Factors - the variables that create increased vulnerability to illness and injury are numerous and varied. Some health risks are fixed (immutable), such as those related to heredity, gender, and age. Many health risk factors are modifiable (mutable) and correlate to lifestyle and habit. The combination of fixed and modifiable risk factors helps
Health Insurance - health insurance is the financial platform for health care in the United States. As such, it plays a significant role in access to health-care services and in health-care treatment decisions. In 2004, about 250 million Americans had health insurance, just over two thirds through private coverage and the remainder through public programs