Xanthoma definition

Xanthoma definition - picture

FragmentHealth.com » The Integumentary System » Xanthoma definition

Xanthoma is a fatty deposit that forms a benign (noncancerous) LESION beneath the SKIN, though also may occur in other tissues. Xanthomas develop in people who have chronic, untreated HYPERLIPIDEMIA (elevated BLOOD cholesterol and triglycerides levels). In their most common form, xanthomas appear as yellowish blebs beneath the skin, typically rounded or oblong, that protrude as nodules or papules. Xanthomas that form on the eyelids, a common presentation, are xanthelasmas. Most xanthomas do not cause symptoms though may be cosmetically undesirable. Eruptive xanthomas may occur in clusters, typically occurring on the shoulders and inner surfaces of the arms, and often itch.

The most significant feature of xanthoma is the underlying lipid disorder, which signals increased risk for CORONARY ARTERY DISEASE (CAD) and HEART ATTACK. Many people who develop xanthomas have familial lipid disorders that result in unusually elevated levels of triglycerides and very low density lipoprotein cholesterol (VLDL-C) or low density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C). These elevations are markers for serious CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE (CVD) and require prompt medical treatment. Lowering the blood lipid levels helps prevent further xanthomas from developing, though has no effect on existing xanthomas.

A xanthoma may create functional interference depending on its location. Xanthelasmas on or near the eyelids can interfere with proper vision, for example, and xanthomas on the hands may cause irritation and PAIN during tasks that require manual dexterity. Many people choose to have xanthomas removed for cosmetic purposes. Several options are available for removing xanthomas, including cryotherapy (freezing), electrodesiccation (cauterizing), excision (cutting out), and LASER SURGERY. The site usually heals without scarring, although xanthomas tend to recur.

See also CHOLESTEROL BLOOD LEVELS; DIABETES; MEDICATIONS TO TREAT CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE; NODULE; PANCREATITIS; PAPULE; PRURITUS; RISK FACTORS FOR CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE; TRIGLYCERIDE BLOOD LEVELS; XANTHELASMA.

Resource: Facts On File Encyclopedia Of Health And Medicine

Each atricle being rated on a scale of 1 to 5 stars.
Please rate this article
Article Rating: 1,7 stars of 5

Discussion and opinions:

Insert your opinion:

Tweet this page

Other Articles

Xanthoma definition

The Integumentary System |

Xanthoma is a fatty deposit that forms a benign (noncancerous) LESION beneath the SKIN, though also may occur in other tissues. Xanthomas develop in people who have chronic, untreated HYPERLIPIDEMIA (elevated BLOOD cholesterol and triglycerides levels). In their most common form, xanthomas appear as yellowish blebs beneath the skin, typically rounded or

Wrinkles treatment

The Integumentary System |

Wrinkles are furrows or channels in the SKIN, typically resulting from repeated movements, such as facial expressions (for example, crow’s feet and laugh lines), or from long-term exposure to sun and wind. Aging is the single-most significant factor that causes wrinkles. Wrinkles increase with age as the skin loses collagen and subsequently

Whitlow - herpes

The Integumentary System |

Whitlow is an INFECTION at the end of the finger, or less commonly the end of a toe, that contains pus and is very painful. The area is inflamed, enlarged, erythematous (reddened), and often oozing. A common cause of whitlow is infection with the HERPES SIMPLEX VIRUS (HSV), conveyed to the finger via contact with infectious secretions from oral herpes

Wheal - raised, blisterlike lesion on the skin

The Integumentary System |

Wheal is a raised, blisterlike LESION on the SKIN that usually results from an intradermal injection such as for ALLERGY skin testing or the tuberculin skin test. Wheals also may occur in response to insect stings and topical allergic reactions (URTICARIA or hives). Wheals associated with urticaria typically itch, sometimes intensely. Wheals usually do not

Wart - causes, symptoms and removal

The Integumentary System |

What are Warts and What Causes Warts Wart is a growth, typically rough and raised, that appears on the SKIN. The HUMAN PAPILLOMAVIRUS (HPV), which has numerous strains, causes common warts as well as variations including genital warts (a common sexually transmitted disease) and plantar warts which appear on the soles (plantar surfaces) of the feet. Because

Vitiligo disease - symptoms, treatment and causes

The Integumentary System |

Vitiligo - a condition of hypopigmentation in which melanocytes die in patches of SKIN, leaving macules that are pale and depigmented. Dermatologists believe vitiligo is an autoimmune disorder in which the IMMUNE SYSTEM produces antibodies that attack melanocytes, the skin cells responsible for producing pigment. Vitiligo affects people of all races and

What is Vesicle and definition

The Integumentary System |

Vesicle is a small, blisterlike LESION on the SKIN that contains serous fluid. Vesicles typically occur in clusters and indicate INFECTION, such as with HERPES SIMPLEX VIRUS (HSV), or irritation, such as results from contact with poison ivy. Skin vesicles often hurt or itch. Treatment may include topical medications to relieve discomfort, with oral

Urticaria - acute/chronic - definition, causes, treatment and complications

The Integumentary System |

What is Urticaria and Definition Urticaria is the clinical term for hives, an outbreak of wheals on the SKIN’s surface. Acute urticaria, which comes on suddenly, typically signals a HYPERSENSITIVITY REACTION. The wheals contain fluid the IMMUNE RESPONSE draws from the cells of the skin. They itch, often intensely (PRURITUS), and may appear and recede

Toxic Epidermal Necrolysis - Stevens Johnsons Syndrome

The Integumentary System |

Toxic Epidermal Necrolysis is a life-threatening inflammatory condition affecting the SKIN and underlying connective tissues, also called Stevens-Johnson syndrome. Toxic epidermal necrolysis usually results as an adverse DRUG reaction though may occur as a complication of INFECTION or CANCER. Doctors believe toxic epidermal necrolysis develops when an

Tissue Expansion

The Integumentary System |

What is Tissue Expansion Tissue Expansion is a method for growing additional SKIN to use for autologous (self) skin grafts. Autologous grafts have the best rate of success when transplanted because they are native to the body and present no risk for graft rejection. Tissue expansion is a common method for many reconstructive surgery procedures, though