Esophagitis - INFLAMMATION of the ESOPHAGUS. The most common cause of esophagitis is irritation from STOMACH contents that backflow into the esophagus, such as occurs with GASTROESOPHAGEAL REFLUX DISORDER (GERD) and ACHALASIA. INFECTION resulting from HERPES SIMPLEX, CYTOMEGALOVIRUS (CMV), or yeast (Candida) also can involve the esophagus to cause esophagitis.
Symptoms include painful or difficult swallowing and DYSPEPSIA. The diagnostic path may include ENDOSCOPY to examine, biopsy, or culture the esophagus. Treatment targets the underlying cause and may include H2 ANTAGONIST (BLOCKER) MEDICATIONS or PROTON PUMP INHIBITOR MEDICATIONS to reduce the volume of gastric acid. ANTIBIOTIC MEDICATIONS or ANTIFUNGAL MEDICATIONS are necessary to treat INFECTION. Most people fully recover when the underlying condition resolves, though often esophagitis becomes chronic.
See also BARRETT’S ESOPHAGUS; GASTRITIS; GASTROENTERITIS; SWALLOWING DISORDERS.
Resource: Facts On File Encyclopedia Of Health And Medicine
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